How to Date Pottery

How to Date Pottery By Linda Richard ; Updated April 12, Pottery tells a story and pottery made for import to the United States relates its own history, but most of us do not know how to read the date or history of pottery. Dating pottery and history intertwine as the pottery marks reflect changes in import and export laws established by the countries. Country of origin and import laws control the information on pottery imported to the United States. Locate marks to date pottery. A stamp or marking with the country of origin usually indicates an item made after , the date of enactment of the McKinley Tariff Act in the United States. This act required that country of origin be marked on all imports. According to Harry Rinker, a noted authority on collectibles, marks were not required on individual pieces of a set. Items that were part of a set may have no marks.

Irish Belleek Marks

This printed mark was also used from c. This ‘S printed mark has J. This printed mark was used from c. The Registration number was also used from These standard printed mark dates from to

Not all makers have a mark here, or a good one.

The short answer is lots and lots of experience! But how does one go about obtaining that experience? What is the glaze, finish, or decoration? Many people easily recognize the style of a Van Gogh or a Jackson Pollock painting — and the same type of familiarity is possible when it comes to pottery. You can train your eye to recognize nuances of glaze, decoration, and form by viewing pieces at galleries, studios, museums, and auction previews. Books and websites are helpful as well, but seeing the piece in person always leaves a more lasting impression.

What is the size and shape of the piece?

Identifying British Pottery Marks and Hallmarks

As one might expect, the number of deities in both camps proliferated. Despite earlier resistance, syncretism was relatively smooth and marked by religious tolerance. These 28 rulers are probably fictional, although there are many Japanese who will argue otherwise. Prior to the Nihon Shoki and the Kojiki, there was no tradition of Shinto sculpture.

Under Buddhism, the artistic impulse of mainland Asia blossomed for nearly years before reaching Japan.

This machine is for shaping wares on a rotating mould, as in jiggering and jolleying, but with a rotary shaping tool replacing the fixed profile.

Some historians believe that ceramics production may have started there in the Han dynasty BC. Pine wood was found in abundance around the town. The Chang River provided transport for raw material to the kilns as well as for later shipping of the finished products. In summary, the ample clay resources, fuel supply, convenient transportation and eventual imperial favors provided the necessary catalyst for potters from other places in China to join in the commercial pottery production in the town.

Other texts say that pottery was being made at Jingdezhen by A. Hutian had a great impact on other Jingdezhen kilns which began producing similar quality wares.

Illustrations of Royal Doulton backstamps (Makers marks)

See Article History Pottery, one of the oldest and most widespread of the decorative arts , consisting of objects made of clay and hardened with heat. The objects made are commonly useful ones, such as vessels for holding liquids or plates or bowls from which food can be served. Kinds, processes, and techniques Clay , the basic material of pottery, has two distinctive characteristics: Firing also protects the clay body against the effects of water.

It almost never appears in the names of other people or institutions, and, therefore, can be used to date the seal that made the impression.

Production stages[ edit ] Clay ware takes on varying physical characteristics during the making of pottery. Greenware refers to unfired objects. At sufficient moisture content, bodies at this stage are in their most plastic form they are soft and malleable, and hence can be easily deformed by handling. Leather-hard refers to a clay body that has been dried partially. Clay bodies at this stage are very firm and only slightly pliable.

Trimming and handle attachment often occurs at the leather-hard state. At that moisture level, the item is ready to be bisque fired. Biscuit or bisque [6] [7] refers to the clay after the object is shaped to the desired form and fired in the kiln for the first time, known as “bisque fired” or “biscuit fired”. This firing changes the clay body in several ways. Mineral components of the clay body will undergo chemical changes that will change the colour of the clay.

Glaze fired is the final stage of some pottery making.

Collecting Rookwood Pottery & Dating Rookwood Marks

One comment Staffordshire Pottery Identification Using Backstamps The name of the pottery manufacturer and an approximation of date of manufacture can be discovered if the piece of pottery has a backstamp. There are way too many to list here as it would take a whole new website to list them all! The best reference book we have found is the Encyclopaedia of British Pottery and Porcelain Marks by Geoffrey A Godden and is probably the only book you will ever need.

You can get a copy by clicking on the link below or alternatavely your local library will probably have a copy in their reference section.

Tsurugaoka Hachimangu Shrine in Kamakura had to remove or thrown away all structures and objects associated with Buddhism.

A potter at work in Jaura, Madhya Pradesh , India Clay ware takes on varying physical characteristics during the making of pottery. Greenware refers to unfired objects. At sufficient moisture content, bodies at this stage are in their most plastic form they are soft and malleable, and hence can be easily deformed by handling. Leather-hard refers to a clay body that has been dried partially. Clay bodies at this stage are very firm and only slightly pliable.

Trimming and handle attachment often occurs at the leather-hard state. It is now ready to be bisque fired. Bisque [6] [7] refers to the clay after the object is shaped to the desired form and fired in the kiln for the first time, known as “bisque fired” or “biscuit fired”. This firing changes the clay body in several ways. Mineral components of the clay body will undergo chemical changes that will change the colour of the clay. Glaze fired is the final stage of some pottery making.

About Antiques Collecting Ceramics

To follow these articles more easily, open the Lost City Map in a separate browser window while you read. Two kinds of evidence tell us that we are excavating a 4th Dynasty site BC: Ceramics The Giza Plateau Mapping Project specialists collect and analyze all cultural material that we retrieve from our excavations at the site. At last count in our ceramics specialist, Ania Wodzinska, had processed over half a million pottery fragments, of which over , are diagnostic fragments like rims, bases, and handles that allow us to determine the type of vessel.

Large pot, possibly used in bread production. Like all material culture—modern cars for example—ancient Egyptian pottery changed over time.

Denver, Colorado was the location of Broadmoor Pavers, the sewer pipe and large paving tile division of the business.

It can be seen written as: Some early items may not even say anything, perhaps only the pattern name or pattern name and a number and with or without the word Gouda. You think of a combination and there will be one! The marks can vary in size, shape, form, colour and legibility. One of the attractions of PZH and indeed any Gouda or other pottery, is the base mark.

Is it not the first thing you do – turn the piece over and take a look?

Nippon Backstamps and Known Dates of Manufacture

Unfortunately, we are not experts, but we always turn to a wonderful book by someone who is for our information. Joan Van Patten has written many books on collecting antique Nippon porcelain, and she has compiled known dates for certain backstamps. We are sharing a small list here with pictures of the ones we have come across in our Nippon journeys. We hope this helps those out there looking for this information quickly.

We cannot stress enough that this is NOT a complete list. If you know any dates for a backstamp not shown here, feel free to leave the information in the comments.

In medieval times isolated specimens of Chinese porcelain found their way to Europe, where they were much prized, principally because of their translucency.

Your guide to antique pottery marks, porcelain marks and china marks Pottery Marks Index A collection of pottery marks using photos and images from our antiques collection For easy reference and as a quick guide to the possible attribution of your latest porcelain collectible or pottery marks. The marks listed below are grouped as far as was possible in a logical order, with similar signs, graphics, etc grouped together. We have tried to include as many pottery marks as possible, but also tried to avoid too much duplication.

Scan the index of pottery marks until you find a mark similar to your mark. If we have additional information on the mark you can click the image to open that section. If no additional information is currently available, the potter will be named below the image and clicking will open the Antique Collectibles gallery, to assist you with any examples of the potters items we may have listed.

You can also try searching for the potter in the search box above. Including various marks from a range of British and European pottery and porcelain manufacturers.

A short look at 18th 19th Century Chinese Porcelain Reign Marks and Bases